Zoning

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DO Penedès Subzonas Download PDF D-14 Download PDF B-14 Download PDF C-13 Download PDF G-13 Download PDF F-13 Download PDF E-13 Download PDF D-13 Download PDF H-13 Download PDF B-12 Download PDF C-12 Download PDF G-12 Download PDF F-12 Download PDF E-12 Download PDF D-12 Download PDF J-12 Download PDF I-12 Download PDF H-12 Download PDF B-11 Download PDF C-11 Download PDF G-11 Download PDF F-11 Download PDF E-11 Download PDF D-11 Download PDF K-11 Download PDF J-11 Download PDF I-11 Download PDF H-11 Download PDF B-10 Download PDF C-10 Download PDF G-10 Download PDF F-10 Download PDF E-10 Download PDF D-10 Download PDF K-10 Download PDF J-10 Download PDF I-10 Download PDF H-10 Download PDF C-09 Download PDF G-09 Download PDF F-09 Download PDF E-09 Download PDF D-09 Download PDF L-09 Download PDF K-09 Download PDF J-09 Download PDF I-09 Download PDF H-09 Download PDF A-09 Download PDF B-09 Download PDF C-08 Download PDF G-08 Download PDF F-08 Download PDF E-08 Download PDF D-08 Download PDF L-08 Download PDF K-08 Download PDF J-08 Download PDF I-08 Download PDF H-08 Download PDF A-08 Download PDF B-08 Download PDF C-07 Download PDF G-07 Download PDF F-07 Download PDF E-07 Download PDF D-07 Download PDF L-07 Download PDF K-07 Download PDF J-07 Download PDF I-07 Download PDF H-07 Download PDF C-06 Download PDF G-06 Download PDF F-06 Download PDF E-06 Download PDF D-06 Download PDF L-06 Download PDF K-06 Download PDF J-06 Download PDF I-06 Download PDF H-06 Download PDF A-07 Download PDF B-07 Download PDF B-06 Download PDF M-05 Download PDF G-05 Download PDF F-05 Download PDF E-05 Download PDF D-05 Download PDF L-05 Download PDF K-05 Download PDF J-05 Download PDF I-05 Download PDF H-05 Download PDF G-04 Download PDF F-04 Download PDF E-04 Download PDF D-04 Download PDF L-04 Download PDF K-04 Download PDF J-04 Download PDF I-04 Download PDF H-04 Download PDF G-03 Download PDF F-03 Download PDF E-03 Download PDF D-03 Download PDF L-03 Download PDF K-03 Download PDF J-03 Download PDF I-03 Download PDF H-03 Download PDF I-01 Download PDF L-02 Download PDF J-02 Download PDF I-02 Download PDF H-02
Alts d'Ancosa
Conca del Foix
Costers de l'Anoia
Costers de Lavernó
Costers del Montmell
Marina del Garraf
Massis del Garraf
Muntanyes d'Ordal
Turons de Vilafranca
Vall Bitlles-Anoia
Zoning DO Penedès

Description of the zones

ALTS D'ANCOSA: ANCOSA HIGHLANDS

Climatic conditions: the area is colder, with an average annual temperature of 11-14°C. Precipitation is 600-650 mm/year. According to the Winkler-Amerine index most of the area is within Region III, except for the higher areas that would be in Region II and exceptionally Region I.

This zone is located on relatively uncompacted materials from the Triassic. Erosion has formed the current landscape and and these soils are the source of alluvial material found at lower elevations.

The soils occupied by vineyards in this unit are generally shallow, on moderate and steeper slopes with very little edaphic development and with loams and shales as the underlying material.

On the lower parts of the slopes, which are less steep, we find deep or very deep soils with variable gravels, and with incipient edaphic development that has given rise to the accumulation of secondary carbonates, in the form of nodules or pseudomycelia.

CONCA DE FOIX: FOIX BASIN

Climatic conditions: the area has an average annual temperature of 15-16°C. Precipitation increases from southeast to northeast, from 500-550 mm/year in the areas closest to Tarragona and the most inland areas, to 600 mm/year at the foot of the Gaià Massif. According to the Winkler-Amerine index, the area is within Region IV.

The current landscape of this unit has been formed by topographic inversion. A few thousand years ago this was an area of accumulation of sediments contributed by streams from the Bonastre block and the Gaià Massif. The area would have looked like an extensive plain where sediments accumulated.

Much of today's soils have developed directly from these sediments. Petrocalcic horizons were formed, hardened by calcium carbonate accumulation. Slotted into the local drainage network, these areas have ended up elevated, producing the landscape of gentle relief and hills that we know today.

The soils found in this area are derived from the sediments originating from the Massif, which were transported by the streams that crossed the plain.

The soils that developed from this sediment present differing degrees of stoniness and calcium carbonate accumulation, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions (occupying the space of old plant roots) or general accumulation. These accumulations are more abundant and form a cement on the highest parts of the landscape, generating the relief of hills and plateaus.

On the slopes where the gradient is steeper, the erosive processes have been more intense and the soils we find are much younger, less evolved and developed directly from the limestone and shale.

COSTERS DE L'ANOIA: ANOIA HILLSIDES

Climatic conditions: the area has an average annual temperature of 14-16°C. Precipitation is 600-650 mm/year. According to the Winkler-Amerine index most of the zone is within Region IV, except for the higher zones that are within Region III.

This unit groups areas from the east of the Gaià massif, with Cambrian–Ordovician and Ordovician slates and Permo-Carboniferous granites. Both materials are hard and confer a great resistance to the relief of this part of the unit. Below this relief we find the foothills of the Penedès depression, formed by the coalescence of the alluvial fans at the foot of the mountains of the Gaià massif. The materials are formed by Quaternary sediment, mainly slates and granites from this eastern area of the Gaià massif.

In the lower part of the unit we find the rolling hills, a physiographic unit made up of hills left by the erosion of sedimentary material from the coalescence of the distal alluvial fans, coming from the current mountainous ridges. In this case the materials are made up of polygenic Quaternary sediments (slate and limestone) superimposed in some points on the Tertiary period. The whole unit is crossed by networks of ravines that have broken through due to the little resistance that these unconsolidated sediments present.

The soils in the area vary from west to east, as we move away from the Gaià massif.

In the area of the massif, where the agricultural surface area is small, and in the immediate foothills, there are soils with an abundance of gravel, of metamorphic nature (slate) and of alluvial-colluvial origin. We find very developed soils, with accumulations of carbonates and an abundance of larger elements. At the foot of the hills they occupy the flat areas (residual plateaus) that remain between the ravines.

In the most distal area of the massif, in the area of sharpest relief, the soils are more varied, in particular we find poorly developed, shallow soils, which have formed on the loams where erosion has been most intense. More developed soils are present in the uneroded areas of the fans, most of which have developed directly from these sediments. Petrocalcic horizons were formed, hardened by calcium carbonate accumulation. Due to the action of the drainage network, these areas have ended up elevated, giving rise to the landscape of rolling hills that we know today.

The soils found in this area have as their original material the sediments originating from the Massif that were transported by the streams that cross the plain.

The soils developed on this sediment have differing degrees of stoniness and calcium carbonate accumulation, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions (occupying the space of old plant roots) or general accumulations.

These accumulations are more abundant and form a cement on the highest parts of the landscape, generating the relief of hills and plateaus.

COSTERS DE LAVERNÓ: LAVERNÓ HILLSIDES

Climatic conditions: the area has an average annual temperature of 14-15°C. Precipitation increases from south to north, from 550-600 mm/year in the areas closest to the Garraf massif to 650 mm/year in the inland areas, at the foot of the Gaià massif. According to the Winkler-Amerine index, most of the area is within Region IV, except for the higher areas that are in Region III.

This zone consists mainly of undulating reliefs resulting from the erosion of sedimentary material from the coalescence of the alluvial fans at the foot of the current mountains that date from the Miocene. The soils are made up of Quaternary materials superimposed in some points on those of the Tertiary period. These Tertiary materials are basically sandstone and marl. The whole unit is crossed by networks of ravines that have cut through the area due to the little resistance offered by unconsolidated sediments.

As both the Quaternary and Tertiary deposits are soft and unconsolidated materials, erosion has been important. Most of the soils present in the area are relatively young and with little edaphic development, formed directly on the loams. Generally they are shallow soils, as they are still affected by erosive processes.

In the most stable areas of the relief, the deposits of the Quaternary have persisted, forming soils with more edaphic development, where petrocalcic horizons were formed, hardened by calcium carbonate accumulation. Slotted into the local drainage network, these areas have ended up elevated, producing the landscape of gentle relief and hills that we know today.

The soils found in this area have as their original material the sediment originating from the Massif, transported by the streams that cross the plain.

The soils developed from this sediment present differing degrees of stoniness and calcium carbonate accumulation, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions (occupying the space of old plant roots) or general accumulation.

These accumulations are more abundant and form a cement on the higher parts of the landscape, generating the present relief of hills and plateaus.

COSTERS DEL MONTMELL: MONTMELL HILLSIDES

Climatic conditions: It is a very varied zone climatically. The zone has an annual average temperature of 13-16°C. Precipitation increases from south to north, from 500-550 mm/year in the areas closest to the sea to 650 mm/year in the most inland areas, at the foot of the Gaià Massif. According to the Winkler-Amerine index most of the area is within Region IV, except for the higher areas that would be within Region III and exceptionally in Region II.

Although this zone is extensive, it occupies considerable mountainous regions with abrupt relief. Vine cultivation is concentrated in the foothills of the mountains.

This unit is formed by the coalescence of different alluvial fans, with materials coming from the Bonastre block and the Gaià Massif.

The materials of the alluvial fans have developed relatively old soils that display accumulations of carbonate, in the form of nodules and rhizo concretions and even the formation of petrocalcic horizons.

The slopes and hillsides are marked by evolved soils based on marl or limestone. The soils are shallow or moderately deep and relatively young, due to continuous erosion.

In the low lying areas we find very deep soils, with a lot of variability in the content of larger elements as well as secondary accumulations of calcium carbonate.

MARINA DEL GARRAF: GARRAF COAST

Climatic conditions: the area has a clear maritime influence, with an average annual temperature of 16-17°C. Precipitation is 500-550 mm/year. According to the Winkler-Amerine index most of the area is within Region IV, except for the areas closest to the coast that are in Region V.

This unit is formed by the coalescence of the alluvial fans at the foot of the Garraf Massif. The materials that make up the unit are Quaternary sediments, predominantly limestone gravel from the Bonastre block and the Garraf Massif. In the materials of the alluvial fans relatively old soils have developed that present accumulations of carbonates, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions and even the formation of petrocalcic horizons.

Grapes are grown primarily on gentle slopes (<20% slope). Soils vary from shallow (those in which a petrocalcic horizon has developed) to moderately deep and deep soils, which are those with secondary carbonate accumulations but which have not formed a cemented horizon.

MASSÍS DEL GARRAF: GARRAF MASSIF

Climatic conditions: the area has an average annual temperature of 14-15°C. Precipitation increases from south to north, from 550-600 mm/year in the areas closest to the Garraf massif to 650 mm/year in the areas at the foot of the Gaià massif. According to the Winkler-Amerine index most of the area is within Region IV, except for the higher areas that are in Region III.

This unit consists mainly of Cretaceous materials, namely limestone, marl and dolomites. These materials are very rich in carbonates, which lead to soils with a high carbonate content.

The agricultural areas of this zone are concentrated on terraced slopes and in small hollows and foothills with accumulation of colluvial material.

In the steepest areas there are shallow and underdeveloped soils formed on marl or limestone.

In the lower parts of the slopes with less gradient and the valley floors we find soils formed by accumulations of materials eroded from the upper parts of the slopes. They are deep or very deep soils, except for those in which a petrocalcic horizon has developed. In general they are soils with a certain edaphic development, showing accumulations of secondary carbonates, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions and even petrocalcic horizons.

MUNTANYES D'ORDAL: ORDAL MOUNTAINS

This unit consists mainly of Cretaceous materials, specifically limestone, marl and dolomites. These materials are very rich in carbonates, which lead to soils with a high carbonate content.

The agricultural areas of this zone are concentrated at the foot of the mountain massif, where it meets the hills of Vilafranca, in foothills with an accumulation of colluvial material.

In the areas with the steepest slopes we find shallow and underdeveloped soils formed on marl or limestone.

On the gentler slopes of lower parts of the hillsides and the valley floors we find soils formed by accumulations of materials eroded from the upper parts of the slopes. They are deep or very deep soils, except for those in which a petrocalcic horizon has developed. In general they are soils with a certain edaphic development, displaying accumulations of secondary carbonates, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions and even petrocalcic horizons.

TURONS DE VILAFRANCA: HILLS OF VILAFRANCA

Climatic conditions: the area has an average annual temperature of 14-15°C. Precipitation increases from south to north, from 550-600 mm/year in the areas closest to the Garraf massif to 650 mm/year in the inland areas at the foot of the Gaià massif. According to the Winkler-Amerine index, most of the area is within Region IV, except for the higher areas that would be within Region III.

The current landscape of this unit has been formed by topographic inversion. A few thousand years ago this was an area of sedimentary deposits from the streams from the Bonastre block and the Gaia Massif. The area would have looked like an extensive plain where sediments accumulated.

Much of today's soils have developed directly from these sediments. Petrocalcic horizons were formed hardened by calcium carbonate accumulation. Through the action of the drainage network these areas ended up elevated, leading to the landscape of gentle relief and hills that we know today.

The soils found in this area have as their original material the sediments originating from the Massif which were transported by the streams that crossed the plain.

The soils developed on these sediments present different degrees of stoniness and calcium carbonate accumulation, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions (occupying the space of old plant roots) or general accumulation.

These deposits are more abundant and form a cement on the high parts of the landscape, generating the relief of hills and plateaus.

On the slopes where the gradient is steeper, the erosive processes have been more intense and the soils we find are much younger, less evolved and developed directly on the limestone and shale.

VALL BITLLES-ANOIA: BITLLES-ANOIA VALLEY

This unit is formed mainly by terraces of different levels generated by the effects of these two rivers and some of their tributaries.

In the unit we find fluventic soils, developed on the terraces that form the sediments deposited by the rivers. These are relatively young and display incipient edaphic development, they are deep and have a varied granulometry, of medium or moderately large textures (with the presence of sandy material).

On the slope associated with the relief formed by the watercourses we find two different cases. In areas with steeper slopes, where erosion is more important, we find soils developed on the underlying loam that are shallow or relatively shallow with little edaphic development.

Less abundant, but also important, are the soils formed on the hillsides with gentler slopes. They are deep or very deep soils, except for those where a petrocalcic horizon has been developed. In general they are soils with a certain edaphic development, displaying accumulations of secondary carbonates, in the form of nodules, rhizo concretions and even petrocalcic horizons.